How To Develop Plants From Seed: Guide On Seedlings (Part 1)

For everybody who dreams about growing organic vegetables on their household plots we’d like to remind: experienced vegetable growers are already receiving prepared for a new season. The end of February is the greatest time to commence planting seeds. This will not just brighten up last winter days and expectations of spring, but will be very helpful for the future harvest.


Most of us live in temperate climates and crops with extended terms of vegetation, such as tomato, cucumber, cabbage, pepper, eggplant, celery, pumpkin, basil and several flower varieties can be safely grown only from a seedling. Sound seedlings that began their lives indoors are much less exposed to diseases, pest attacks, and unfavorable climate situations than green shoots, which have been planted from seeds straight in open ground.

Choosing seeds

The first step towards a blessed harvest is high-high quality seeds. The seed packet need to inform you the shelf life, quantity and weight of seeds, exact botanical name of the plant and its assortment description, as well as the LOT quantity. The package must be labeled with an expiry date marked with an ink marker pen, not printed in typographic style like the rest of the text on the packet.

There are two primary varieties of seeds obtainable – hybrid and heirloom, or open pollinated. Hybrid plants are labeled with “F” letter and a quantity indicating their generation. Hybrid seeds are produced via pollination of two particular varieties. Plants of the 1st (F1) generation are superior to parental plants in terms of productivity, quick growth and maturity qualities, disease tolerance and etc. But the seeds of next generation from those hybrids cannot be utilized, because they do not preserve parental attributes.

Heirloom plants are much less demanding, can grow in open ground and give seeds for additional reproduction of the exact same assortment of plants. Their crucial difference from their hybrid counterparts is that they’re considerably much more susceptible to disease and pest attacks.


Preparation of seeds for planting

To stop our future seedlings from disease we need to take care about appropriate seeds disinfection. The very best choice is to have them warmed up with an UV lamp.

If you don’t have such a lamp, seeds must be soaked in special options for 6-24 hours. The greatest possibilities for fighting harmful fungi and bacteria are aloe vera juice and solutions of mustard, potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide or acetic acid.

Apart from soaking, ahead of planting a seed it is recommendable to use heat therapy as effectively – dry heat and hot water heat treatment. Seeds are place in a thermos and filled with water that is 50-52 degrees Celsius hot. Right after 20-25 minutes they are removed and soaked in cold water and dried out completely.

If you need to have a simpler alternative, buy these seeds that are already labeled as disinfected on the packet.

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Study Element two